Chapter 1: Introduction to Jute Fabric
What is jute made of has been a major question asked by environmental-conscious individuals and organisations. A sort of natural fibre is jute.
It is regarded as the fibre of the future and is one of the most cost-effective and long-lasting natural fibres currently accessible.
Jute comes in second only to cotton in terms of global textile production. The fibres from jute plants, which may grow to heights of over 10 feet, are tied together in one continuous string.
Jute comes in two varieties: white jute (corchorus capsularies) and dark jute, sometimes known as Tossa (corchorus olitorus).
Jute is an important textile fibre and a source of raw materials for high-quality, creative non-textile goods. Brightness, high tensile strength, restricted extensibility, moderate heat and fire resistance, and long staple lengths are just a few of the benefits that come with natural fibres like jute. What is jute made of, jute is made of up white and dark jute.
Chapter 2: Varieties of Jute
- White jute(corchorus capsularies)- White jute refers to a specie of plant in the Malvaceae genus. This plant serves as one of the sources of jute fibre and is regarded to be of greater quality than dark jute, the main source of jute.
- Dark jute(corchorus olitorius) or Tossa- For many years, Tossa, a green vegetable, has been produced throughout Africa for human consumption. It becomes a thick paste that resembles okra when cooked only on its own. Jute fibre from Tossa is also used as a packing fibre and to make paper and cardboard.
Chapter 3: Applications of Jute Fabric
Jute fabric has different uses. Jute is not often used in the creation of clothing due to its rough texture. However, recent improvements in jute processing have made it possible to make use of this typically uncomfortable fabric for several forms of clothing.
Jute sweaters, bags and pouches are quickly gaining popularity all over the world, despite the fact that it is still uncommon to find jute utilised in undergarments or pieces of clothing that comes in direct contact with the skin.
Jute can be used in apparel production like:
- Tote bags- Jute fabric is a good material for making tote bags because of its low thermal conductivity and moderate moisture retention.
- Zipper pouch- Jute can also be used to make small zipper pouches that can safely secure your personal items.
- Drawstring bags- Jute can be used in making drawstring pouches. These drawstring pouches are used to keep some valuable materials like earrings, necklaces and so on.
- Cooler bags- Jute fabric can be used to make cooler bags. Jute cooler bags are used to carry bottles, coolers and some other food materials.
Chapter 4: How Is Jute Processed?
Firstly, Jute stalks that are mature are manually harvested.
Secondly, the fibres are extracted through a process known as retting.
Jute stems are bounded together and submerged in slow-moving water during the retting process.
It is now possible to separate the silky fibre and comb them into long strings once the jute stem has been retted, then after being combed, this fibre can be spun into yarns.
The finished jute fibre reels are delivered to textile factories to be woven into commercial textiles.
Chapter 5: Characteristics of Jute
Jute is classified as a rough fibre, thus unless it goes through a lengthy process of production, it is not ideal for usage in clothing. Instead, because of its toughness and roughness, jute is perfect for industrial uses.
The majority of jute fabric types have loose weaves made from sturdy yarn. Jute is a natural fibre that quickly absorbs water, dries quickly, and has a high stain and abrasion resistance.
Being plant-based and degrading swiftly, jute is not well recognised for its long-term endurance in corrosive settings. Jute fibre is thick and flexible, making handling it generally uncomplicated.
Making jute yarn is also not too difficult because this fibre is long and shiny when it is raw. Jute is extremely permeable, that is, water and air can easily pass through, but doesn’t naturally hold a lot of heat, making it the ideal fabric for garments in hot and humid regions.
There are some off-white varieties of jute fibre, but light brown makes up the majority. Despite the fact that white jute is regarded as being less superior to brown jute since it may be more useful for garment applications.
Chapter 6: Where Is Jute Made?
In India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, jute is produced in the greatest amounts. Specifically, the Ganges River Delta, which includes Bangladesh and the Bengal region of India, is where 85% of jute is produced.
China is one of the biggest producers of jute in the world, despite not producing as much as Bangladesh does. Thailand, Burma, and Bhutan are just a few of the Asian nations that also produce jute.
This article has briefed us about jute fabric and what jute fabric is made of. It has also talked about the various applications of jute.
We discussed the two types of jute which are white and Tossa jute. We also talked about the production of jute in Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and China and the various steps by which jute is processed.
“What is Jute Fabric: Properties, How it’s Made and Where”- Sewport support Team
“Introduction Of Jute”- Tepcon International (India) LTD.
“Cultivation of Jute Fibre”- Textile Sphere